Pharmacology for Technicians PTCB Test Prep

Top 20 Drug Classes to Know for the PTCB Exam!

Mar 25th, 2020
pharmacology drug classes

Introduction

Pharmacology is one of the must-know subjects for the PTCB exam. It’s not always easy, though, and it requires some intense effort and devotion. Today, we review the top 10 drug classes to know that almost always come up on exam day.

There are certain drug classes that come up time and time again. For example, you may be asked to identify an ACE inhibitor from a list of medicines. Alternatively, you will be given a list of medicines and asked which is used to treat a specific condition.

Of course, as a pharmacy technician, you are not required to learn all medicines. But you should at least have a working knowledge of some of the most common.

At PTCB Test Prep, we aim to make things much easier. That’s why we’ve put together the top 20 drug classes to know for the PTCB exam.

Top 20 Drug Classes!

Drug Class Drugs Indications
Beta-blockers Metoprolol
Bisoprolol
Nebivolol
Atenolol
Propanolol
Chronic heart failure
Ischemic heart disease
Atrial fibrillation
Supraventricular tachycardia
Hypertension
ACE inhibitors Ramipril
Perindopril
Captopril
Hypertension
Chronic heart failure
Ischemic heart disease
Penicillins Benzylpenicillin
Amoxicillin
Ampicillin
Flucloxacillin
Bacterial infections
Tetracyclines Tetracycline
Minocycline
Doxycycline
Bacterial infections
H1 antagonists Fexofenadine
Acrivastine
Azelastine
Cetirizine
Levocetirizine
Loratadine
Chlorphenamine
Allergies
Hay fever
Itch (pruritus)
Hives (urticaria)
Anaphylaxis
H2 antagonists Ranitidine
Famotidine
Cimetidine
Peptic ulcer disease
GERD
Dyspepsia
Proton-pump inhibitors Omeprazole
Pantoprazole
Lansoprazole
Peptic ulcer disease
Dyspepsia
GERD
H. pylori infection
Beta-2 agonists Albuterol
Salmeterol
Terbutaline
Asthma COPD
Platelet inhibitors Clopidogrel Acute coronary syndrome
Prevent blockage of stents
Prevention of CV disease
SSRIs Paroxetine
Sertraline
Fluoxetine
Depression
Anxiety
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Benzodiazepines Midazolam
Temazepam
Nitrazepam
Flunitrazepam
Alprazolam
Diazepam
Seizures Alcohol withdrawal symptoms
Sedation
Anxiety
Insomnia
NSAIDs Naproxen
Ibuprofen
Diclofenac
Mild-to-moderate pain
Pain related to inflammation
DMARDs Methotrexate
Infliximab
Rituximab
Tocilizumab
Etanercept
Cyclosporin
Azathioprine
Rheumatoid arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis
Some cancers
Ulcerative colitis
Crohn’s disease
Lupus
Myasthenia gravis
Opioids Tramadol
Codeine
Morphine
Dihydrocodeine
Oxycodone
Fentanyl
Pain
Mild-to-moderate
Moderate-to-severe
Fluoroquinolones Ciprofloxacin
Moxifloxacin
Levofloxacin
Urinary tract infections
Gastrointestinal infections
Lower respiratory infections
Biguanides Metformin Type 2 diabetes
Corticosteroids Prednisolone
Mometasone
Dexamethasone
Beclometasone
Fluticasone
Budesonide
Hydrocortisone
Allergic disorders
Inflammatory disorders
Some cancers
Adrenal insufficiency
Hypopituitarism
Asthma / COPD
Eczema, psoriasis
Calcium channel blockers Nifedipine
Amlodipine
Verapamil
Diltiazem
Hypertension
Stable angina
Supraventricular tachycardia
Insulins Insulin glargine
Insulin detemir
Insulin aspart
Isophane insulin
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Hyperkalemia (with glucose)
Anti-gout drugs Allopurinol
Febuxostat
Colchicine
Probenecid
Gout

Final Thoughts

If you are unfamiliar with many of these drugs, do not worry. At this early stage in your study preparation, that is to be expected.

What matters now is what you do to enhance your knowledge of medicines and pharmacology. For the 2020 syllabus, there is a 40% weighting assigned to the “Medications” component of the exam. That’s almost half the exam. You should, at the very least, know the above table off-by-heart.

If you are struggling to remember medicines and how they work, you may benefit from our online course – which includes over 1,250+ PTCB practice test questions on all the medicines you need to know. Check back to PTCB Test Prep soon for more articles on the must-know pharmacology details you need to know!

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