Regulatory Bodies of Pharmacy!
Regulatory bodies of pharmacy is an important examinable subject to study for the PTCB exam.
Here, we review the details that you need to know about the major agencies. Bear in mind that – during the exam – many of these organizations may be represented in acronym form. For example – the Joint Commission may be represented as TJC.
It’s important that you are familiar with identifying these acronyms.
Below, we review the following five regulatory bodies of pharmacy:
- Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
- Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
- The Joint Commission (TJC)
- State Boards of Pharmacy (BOP)
- National Association of the Boards of Pharmacy (NABP)
Let’s get started!
Food and Drug Administration
Perhaps the most widely known of the regulatory bodies of pharmacy, the FDA is responsible for ensuring safe and effective standards in:
- Biologic products
- Radioactive products
It oversees the regulation of products. As such, if there is a potential hazard to the public, the FDA can inform the manufacturer, pharmacy, and general public. Moreover, the FDA also uses a system known as MedWatch – a system in which the FDA is informed of any adverse effects that patients experience. The pharmacist, technician, or other healthcare professional is obliged to report adverse events through MedWatch.
Medication events should never go unreported. As a prospective pharmacy technician, you must ensure that all medication events are reported to the FDA.
Drug Enforcement Administration
The DEA – or Drug Enforcement Administration – was formed as a consequence of the Controlled Substances Act, 1970.
The function of the DEA is to oversee and enforce legislation relating to controlled substances. For example – if controlled substances go missing or are stolen within the pharmacy setting, Form 106 must be completed and sent to the DEA as soon as possible.
Similarly, the DEA sets out the 5 schedules of controlled substances – with Schedule I drugs being the most potent and addictive, Schedule II drugs requiring special ordering requirements by the pharmacy, and Schedule III through to V drugs which do not have these special ordering requirements.
The DEA also has the following two functions:
- Prosecute offenders who breach legislation.
- Reduce the use of illicit drugs in the United States.
As a prospective pharmacy technician, it’s incumbent upon you to understand the important role the DEA plays in the safe use of controlled substances. After all, if the pharmacy technician is unaware of the legislation, they may act in breach of that legislation. Furthermore, pharmacy technicians may be obliged to comply with any investigation undertaken by the DEA.
The Joint Commission
The TJC – or The Joint Commission – is the organization in the United States that accredits and certifies healthcare organizations.
The TJC remains an independent organization that functions to ensure the best possible treatment outcomes for patients. It achieves this by accrediting healthcare organizations that meet its high standards.
For example, when surveys of hospital pharmacies take place, the TJC will monitor the degree of quality of how medications are managed. Improper management of medicines has the potential to put patient safety at risk.
The Joint Commission is obliged to act where breaches of quality have been identified. As with the DEA, pharmacy technicians may be obliged to cooperate with any investigation undertaken by TJC.
State Boards of Pharmacy
As the name suggests, the State Boards of Pharmacy (BOP) are those pharmacy boards that cater to the needs of their own state – establishing state-specific laws and regulations that influence and impact pharmacy and the safe use of medicines.
More pertinently, the BOP is also responsible for certifying and licensing pharmacy personnel – which, in some states, includes pharmacy technicians.
The BOP is responsible for state exams for pharmacy professionals and ensuring that licensed professionals retain a consistent standard throughout their careers.
National Association of the Boards of Pharmacy
The NABP is the last of our regulatory bodies of pharmacy; an association that assists boards of pharmacy (BOP) by ensuring there are consistent standards among each state board.
However, the NABP does not have the force of law behind it.
Instead, it acts as a professional means to discuss the trajectory of pharmacy and how best to improve it on a state-by-state level.
That concludes our review of the various regulatory bodies of pharmacy.
For the PTCB exam, it’s important that prospective pharmacy technicians:
- Understand the role of each regulatory body
- What role the pharmacy technician plays
- How technicians are obliged to comply with these laws
It is these three criteria that are examinable on the PTCB test. Take a few moments to study each of these organizations – preferably in flashcard form – and review and revise on a weekly basis.
If you would like to take a PTCB practice test on regulatory bodies, take a few moments to become a registered member of PTCB Test Prep. With over 1,250 interactive MCQs, we help get you ready. Check back to out blog soon for even more articles to help you pass the 2020 pharmacy technician exam.
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